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A Universal Model for Discourse-Level Argumentation Analysis

verfasst von
Henning Wachsmuth, Benno Stein
Abstract

The argumentative structure of texts is increasingly exploited for analysis tasks, for example, for stance classification or the assessment of argumentation quality. Most existing approaches, however, model only the local structure of single arguments. This article considers the question of how to capture the global discourse-level structure of a text for argumentation-related analyses. In particular, we propose to model the global structure as a flow of "task-related rhetorical moves," such as discourse functions or aspectbased sentiment. By comparing the flow of a text to a set of common flow patterns, we map the text into the feature space of global structures, thus capturing its discourse-level argumentation. We show how to identify different types of flow patterns, and we provide evidence that they generalize well across different domains of texts. In our evaluation for two analysis tasks, the classification of review sentiment and the scoring of essay organization, the features derived from flow patterns prove both effective and more robust than strong baselines. We conclude with a discussion of the universality of modeling flow for discourse-level argumentation analysis.

Externe Organisation(en)
Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Typ
Artikel
Journal
ACM Transactions on Internet Technology
Band
17
Anzahl der Seiten
24
ISSN
1533-5399
Publikationsdatum
06.2017
Publikationsstatus
Veröffentlicht
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Computernetzwerke und -kommunikation
Elektronische Version(en)
https://doi.org/10.1145/2957757 (Zugang: Geschlossen)