Publication Details

AutoML in the Age of Large Language Models: Current Challenges, Future Opportunities and Risks

authored by
Alexander Tornede, Difan Deng, Theresa Eimer, Joseph Giovanelli, Aditya Mohan, Tim Ruhkopf, Sarah Segel, Daphne Theodorakopoulos, Tanja Tornede, Henning Wachsmuth, Marius Lindauer

The fields of both Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Automated Machine Learning (AutoML) have achieved remarkable results over the past years. In NLP, especially Large Language Models (LLMs) have experienced a rapid series of breakthroughs very recently. We envision that the two fields can radically push the boundaries of each other through tight integration. To showcase this vision, we explore the potential of a symbiotic relationship between AutoML and LLMs, shedding light on how they can benefit each other. In particular, we investigate both the opportunities to enhance AutoML approaches with LLMs from different perspectives and the challenges of leveraging AutoML to further improve LLMs. To this end, we survey existing work, and we critically assess risks. We strongly believe that the integration of the two fields has the potential to disrupt both fields, NLP and AutoML. By highlighting conceivable synergies, but also risks, we aim to foster further exploration at the intersection of AutoML and LLMs.

Machine Learning Section
Institute of Artificial Intelligence
Natural Language Processing Section
External Organisation(s)
German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)
Transactions on Machine Learning Research
Publication date
Publication status
E-pub ahead of print
Peer reviewed
Electronic version(s) (Access: Open) (Access: Open)